More than 105,000 people sleep unsheltered on any given night in some of the biggest metropolises in the United States.
Associated Press photographer Jae Hong travelled to Seattle, the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles to hear the stories of people without permanent homes.
Many are driven to the streets by soaring housing and rental costs, and a booming tech economy that is leaving thousands behind.
Another 63,000 people sleep in shelters or transitional housing with no safety net.
The rising numbers have pushed extreme poverty into the open.
The photos in this gallery were taken in 2017.